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Friday, March 20, 2009
Study:Early Pacifier Use Linked To Shorter Breastfeeding

New research from Denmark shows that mothers who want to breastfeed their baby successfully may want to hold off on giving their infant a pacifier.

Drs. Hanne Kronborg and Michael Vaeth of the University of Aarhus found that women who gave their infant a pacifier in the first weeks of life were less likely to continue breastfeeding their babies.

During the study registered nurses visited 570 new parents soon after they were discharged from the hospital.

At the visit, the nurse observed the mother breastfeeding. If the mother was not using an effective technique (for example, the baby wasn't firmly "latched on" to the breast), the nurse provided feedback, guided the mother to use a more effective technique, and then observed a second session.

At the first visit, which occurred an average of eight days after the babies left the hospital, half of the mothers were having breastfeeding difficulty, most frequently with positioning the baby or latching on. While these problems were not associated with how long the mother ultimately breastfed her child, problems with sucking and milk transfer were.

The researchers found that correcting a mother's breastfeeding technique at the nurse visit did not have any influence on duration of breastfeeding because nearly two-thirds of the women reported giving their baby a pacifier.

Pacifier use was associated with a shorter duration of breastfeeding, independent of breastfeeding technique.

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